The hyperactivity is a disorder of the behavior of children, first described in 1902 by Still. These are children who develop an intense motor activity, which move continuously, without all this activity has a purpose. Going from one place to another and may start a task, but quickly leave to start another, which in turn again left unfinished. This hyperactivity increases when in the presence of others, especially those who do not have sex frequently. By contrast, decreased activity when alone.
Profile of a hyperactive child
According to Still, these children are particularly problematic, have a destructive spirit, are insensitive to punishment , restless and nervous. They are also difficult to educate children, because they rarely can maintain for long the focus on something, which often have academic problems despite having a normal IQ. They are very impulsive and disobedient, they often do what their parents or teachers tell them or even do the opposite of what they are told. They are very stubborn and obstinate, while having a very low threshold of tolerance for frustration, so much stress to get what they want. This coupled with his moods and his sudden and intense impulsive and easily excitable, do they believe many tensions at home or at school. In general, children are unable to sit still at times it is necessary that they are. A child who moves a lot at recess and in moments of game is normal. For these children, what happens is that you are still in class or in other specific tasks.
Indicators of hyperactivity as a child’s age
- 0 to 2 years. Clonic discharges during sleep , problems with sleep rhythm and during the meal, short periods of sleep and waking with a start, resistance to usual care, high reactivity to auditory stimuli and irritability.
- 2 to 3 years. Immaturity in the language of expression, excessive motor activity, lack of awareness of danger and prone to many accidents .
- 4 to 5 years. Social adjustment problems, disobedience and difficulties in following rules.
- From 6 years. Impulsivity, attention deficits, school failure , antisocial behavior and social adjustment problems.
Causes of childhood hyperactivity
Hyperactivity in children is quite common. It is estimated that affects approximately 3 percent of children under seven years and is more common in boys than in girls (given in 4 children per female). In 1914, Dr. Tredgold argued that the causes are due to minimal brain dysfunction, a sleeping sickness which is affected in the area of behavior, hence the consequent compensatory hyperkinesis, explosive in voluntary activity, impulsivity and inability organic to sit still. Subsequently, in 1937, C. Bradley discovered the therapeutic effects of amphetamine in hyperactive children. Based on the above theory, given them a brain stimulant medications (such as Benzedrine), showing a marked improvement of symptoms.
Symptoms in a hyperactive child
Symptoms may be classified as attention deficit, hyperactivity and impulsivity:
- Difficult to resist distraction.
- Difficulty maintaining attention on a long job.
- Difficulty to attend selectively.
- Difficulty to explore complex stimuli in an orderly manner.
- Excessive or inappropriate motor activity.
- Difficulty to finish work already begun.
- Difficulty staying seated and / or still in a chair.
- Presence of disruptive behaviors (with a destructive nature.)
- Failure to suppress behavior: they always say what they think, not repressed.
- Inability to postpone gratifying things: they can not stop doing the things they like in the first place and all they can postpone the duties and obligations. I always end up doing what they want first.
- Impulsivity Cognitive precipitation, even at the thought. In games it’s easy to beat because of this, because things do not think twice before acting, do not provide, and even answering questions before they are formulated.